National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of this country's most important buildings, places, and archeological sites. Some of these places are historic areas in National Parks, some are publicly-owned cultural sites, and some are privately owned homes, archeological sites, and other properties.
In Arkansas, archeological sites on the National Register include prehistoric rock art sites, Caddo Indian mounds in the Ouachita and Saline River valleys, Mississippian town sites in the Delta, pioneer era pottery-making kilns, and prehistoric novaculite quarries in the Ouachita Mountains. By the year 2000, however, only a very small number of Arkansas's important archeological sites will be listed on the National Register.
Benefits of a National
Consideration During Site Development. National Register sites also receive extra consideration for protection when site activities, paid for by Federal money or with Federal permits, are planned that may damage or destroy the site. This does not necessarily mean that a project will be abandoned or delayed, but it does mean that special care will be taken so that Federal money won't be used to unknowingly destroy a site. Some action might be required to alter the project to avoid destroying the site or to rescue the important historic information before the site is lost.
Possible Tax Benefits. For private individuals who own National Register sites, there may be tax benefits. Donating site conservation or preservation easements can be partially tax deductible gifts. National Register sites might also be eligible for Federal Historic Preservation grants that may be established in the future.
How a Site is Evaluated
for the National Register
How to Nominate
For More Information
A new book by the University of Arkansas Press offers essays and reflections on many of Arkansas's National Register sites. The book includes the prehistoric sites of Toltec and Parkin, the Contact Period site of Arkansas Post, and the historic sites of Old Washington, Cadron, and the Old State House, where the Survey has conducted archeological research projects.
©2013, Arkansas Archeological Survey