The Arkansas Archeological Survey, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff Station is located on the campus of Arkansas' oldest historically black college. The UAPB station maintains archeological site records and research collections for 8 counties in east-central Arkansas.
The 6211 square-mile UAPB station territory lies mostly within Arkansas' Mississippi Alluvial Plain or Delta region. The territory also, however, includes portions of the Ouachita Mountains and West Gulf Coastal Plain. The territory encompasses lowlands bordering four major rivers; the Arkansas, White, St. Francis and Mississippi; plus intervening higher landforms: the Grand Prairie, Wisconsin-age braided stream terraces, and Crowley's Ridge (take a closer look at the map).
Cultural resources in the UAPB station territory include prehistoric Indian sites ranging from 11,000 year-old PaleoIndian camps to mounds and village middens dating to the eve of European contact in the sixteenth century. Historic archeological sites in the UAPB station territory range in date from the French Colonial period in the eighteenth century to the tenant farming era of the early twentieth century.
Paper: Time, People and Material Culture at the Kuykendall Brake Archaeological Site
Illustration: Examples of Mississippian Effigy Vessels from Eastern Arkansas
Current Research Projects
Dr. John H. House
- Lower St. Francis:
- Investigation of prehistoric Mississippian Indian (AD 1100 - 1600) cultural, economic and political development in the floodplain landscape bordering the Mississippi River.
- Menard Complex:
- Exploration of the chronology, settlement patterning and material cultural variability in the Native American occupation along the lower Arkansas River in the era of earliest European contact (AD 1541 - 1700).
- Historic Quapaw Villages:
- Search for archeological sites occupied by the Quapaw (or Arkansas) people during the last decades of the Colonial era and the first decades of the American era (AD 1779 - 1834).
Arkansas Archeological Survey
Box 4814 UAPB
1200 N. University
Pine Bluff, AR 71601
Research Station Assistant
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Text by John
House, UAPB. Map by Jane Kellett, Coordinating Office
Copyright ©2013 Arkansas Archeological Survey, Revised - October 2013
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