Long Is the Way and Hard
One Hundred Years of the NAACP
Edited by Kevern Verney and Lee Sartain
Foreword by Adam Fairclough

This groundbreaking collection looks at the NAACP at all levels

"Historians will welcome Long is the Way and Hard as a highly valuable contribution to the growing literature on America's oldest civil rights organization."
Journal of American History

"The essays in Long is the Way and Hard represent some of the best of the emerging scholarship on the NAACP. Indeed, [it] is an important addition to the scholarship on the NAACP and should be of interest to historians and scholars of African American politics for years to come."
—Thomas L. Bynum, The Journal of African American History, Summer 2011

"Taken as a whole, this volume contributes significantly to our understanding of the NAACP's history. It will surely serve as a springboard for numerous additions to the literature on the United States' oldest and most influential civil rights organization."
Journal of Southern History, November 2011

Celebrating its one-hundredth anniversary in February 2009, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) has been the leading and best-known African American civil rights organization in the United States. It has played a major, and at times decisive, role in most of the important developments in the twentieth century civil rights struggle. Drawing on original and previously unpublished scholarship from leading researchers in the United States, Britain, and Europe, this important collection of sixteen original essays offers new and invaluable insights into the work and achievements of the association.
The first part of the book offers challenging reappraisals of two of the NAACP’s best-known national spokespersons, Walter White and Roy Wilkins. Other essays analyze the association’s cultural initiatives and the key role played by its public-relations campaigns in the mid 1950s to counter segregationist propaganda and win over the hearts and minds of American public opinion in the wake of the NAACP’s landmark legal victory in Brown v. Board of Education. Others provide thought-provoking accounts of the association’s complex and difficult relationship with Martin Luther King, the post–World War II Civil Rights movement, and Black Power radicals of the 1960s.

The second part of the collection focuses on the work of the NAACP at state, city, and local levels, examining its grassroots organization throughout the nation from Chicago, Cleveland, and Detroit in the North, to California in the West, as well as states across the South including Virginia, Arkansas, Alabama, Louisiana, and Texas. Providing detailed and fascinating information on hitherto little explored aspects of the association’s work, these studies complement the previous essays by demonstrating the impact national initiatives had on local activists and analyzing the often-strained relations between the NAACP national office in New York and its regional branches.

Kevern Verney is associate head of the Department of English and History at Edge Hill University, England, and the author of The Debate on Black Civil Rights in America.

Lee Sartain is senior lecturer in American studies at the University of Portsmouth, England, and the author of Invisible Activists.

Adam Fairclough is the Raymond and Beverly Sackler Professor of American History at Leiden University and the author of many books, including To Redeem the Soul of America and Better Day Coming.


6 x 9, 330 pages, index
$29.95 (s) paper
ISBN 978-1-55728-909-4 | 1-55728-909-3
$70.00 (s) unjacketed cloth
ISBN 978-1-55728-908-7 | 1-55728-908-5