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Support of Arkansas's Wine and Grape Industry - Uncorking Arkansas's Wine Country
Muscadines are a grape species native to the South. They are highly perishable, lack uniform ripening and are difficult to transport. These difficulties have been addressed by research efforts at the University of Arkansas. Density sorting techniques, the development of harvest standards (with the aid of a newly developed color chart) and recommendations for post harvest handling techniques have helped increase the marketability of fresh muscadines. Research has also examined the use of muscadine juices and wine.
The 2004 publication "The Muscadine Experience: Adding Value to Enhance Profits" summarizes efforts by the UA Grape and Wine Research Program to enhance the profitability of muscadine grapes, an alternative agricultural product. Included are discussions of research to develop the market potential of muscadines as fresh fruit and as value-added products. This publication was produced as part of the work for the Universtiy of Arkansas Division of Agriculture's grant from the USDA's Initiative for Future Agriculture and Food Systems program to help small- and medium-sized farmers and entrepreneurs become more profitable and add stability to the family farm. The publication can be viewed at http://www.uark.edu/depts/agripub/Publications/bulletins/974.pdf
Meullenet, J-F., Lovely, C., Threlfall, R. Morris, J.R. and Striegler, R.K. 2008. An ideal point density plot method for determining an optimal sensory profile for Muscadine grape juice. Food Quality and Preference. 19(2):210-219.
Morris, J.R. and Brady, P.L. 2007. The Muscadine Experience: Adding Value to Enhance Profit. 2nd Edition. Ark. AES Research Report #982.
Threlfall, R.T., J.R. Morris, J.F. Meullenet, and R.K. Striegler. 2007. Sensory characteristics, composition, and nutraceutical content of juice from Vitis rotundifolia (Muscadine) cultivars. Amer. J. Enol. Vitic. 58(2): 268-273.(169KB)
Threlfall, R.T., Morris, J.R., Howard, L.R., Brownmiller, C.R., and Walker, T.L. 2005. Pressing effect on yield, quality, and nutraceutical content of juice, seeds, and skins from Black Beauty and Sunbelt Grapes. J. Food Sci. 70(3):167.
Striegler, R.K., Carter, P.M., Morris, J.R., Clark, J.R., Threlfall, R.T., and Howard, L.R. 2005. Yield, quality, and nutraceutical potential of selected muscadine cultivars grown in southwestern Arkansas. HortTech. 15(2):276-284.
Morris, J.R. and Brady, P.L. 2004. The Muscadine Experience: Adding Value to Enhance Profit. Ark. AES Research Report #974.
Morris, J.R. and Blevins, J.M. 2001. Harvest and Handling. In "Muscadine Grapes," Basiouny and Himelrick, ed. ASHS Crop Production Series, ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA. (269KB)
Walker, T.L., Morris, J.R., Threlfall, R.T., Main, G.L., Lamikanra, O., and Leong, S. 2001. Density separation, storage, shelf life, and sensory evaluation of 'Fry' muscadine grapes. HortScience 36(5):941. (148KB)
James, J., Lamikanra, O., Morris, J.R., Main, G., Walker, T., and Silva, J. 1999. Interstate shipment and storage of fresh muscadine grapes. J. Food Qual. 22(6):605. (130KB)
Morris, J.R. 1997. Wine grape cultivars for Akansas. Wine East Buyers' Guide 1997:30.
Sims, C.A. and Morris, J.R. 1986. Effects of acetaldehyde and tannins on the color and chemical age of red muscadine (Vitis rotundifolia) wine. Amer. J. Enol. Vitic. 37(2): 163. (43KB)
Sistrunk, W.A. and Morris, J.R. 1985. Quality acceptance of juices of two cultivars of muscadine grapes mixed with other juices. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 110:328. (65KB)
Sims, C.A. and Morris, J.R. 1985. pH effects on the color of wine from two grape species. Ark. Farm Res. 34(2):9. (29KB)
Sistrunk, W.A. and Morris, J.R. 1984. Changes in muscadine grape juice quality during cold stabilization and storage of bottled juice. J. Food Sci. 49:239. (146KB)
Sims, C.A. and Morris, J.R. 1984. Effects of pH, sulfur dioxide, storage time, and temperature on the color and stability of red muscadine grape wine. Amer. J. Enol. Vitic. 35(1):35. (172KB)
Sims, C.A. and Morris, J.R. 1984. Variables affecting color and stability of muscadine wine.. Ark. Farm Res. 33(4):10. (173KB)
Sistrunk, W.A. and Morris, J.R. 1982. Influence of cultivar, extraction and storage temperature, and time on quality of muscadine grape juice. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 107(6):1110. (87KB)
Morris, J.R. 1981. Problems that inhibit the expansion of the commercial muscadine grape industry. Fruit South. 5(2):28. (22KB)
Morris, J.R. 1980. Handling and marketing of muscadine grapes. Fruit South. 4(2):12. (52KB)
Lanier, M.R. and Morris, J.R. 1979. Evaluation of density separation for defining fruit maturities and maturation rates of once-over harvested muscadine grapes. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 104:249
Lanier, M.R. and Morris, J.R. 1978. Maturation rates of muscadine grapes. Ark. Farm Res. 27(6):6. (29KB)
Lanier, M.R. and Morris, J.R. 1978. Density separation of muscadine grapes. Ark. Farm Res. 27(5):4. (21KB)
Rizley, N.F., Sistrunk, W.A. and Morris, J.R. 1977. Preserves from whole muscadine grapes. Ark. Farm Res. 26(5):2. (32KB)
Morris, J.R. 1977. Muscadine grape production, Part II. Fruit South. 1(3):92. (132KB)
Morris, J.R. 1977. Muscadine grape production, Part 1. Fruit South. 1(2):59-61.
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