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Kivalina is located at the tip of an 8-mile long barrier reef, between the Chukchi Sea and Kivalina River (80 miles northwest of Kotzebue). The average low temperature during January is -15 °F, and the average high during July is 57 °F. Annual precipitation averages 8.6 inches annually with s 57 inches of snow. The Chukchi Sea is ice-free and open to boat traffic from mid-June to the first of November. Kivalina has long been a stopping-off place for seasonal travelers between arctic coastal areas and Kotzebue Sound communities. It is the only village between Wales and Point Hope where people hunt bowhead whales. Alaska Natives comprise over 97% of the population.

Kivalina is a traditional Inupiat Eskimo village. Subsistence activities, including whaling, provide most food resources. Seal, walrus, whale, salmon, whitefish and caribou are utilized. The hunters of Kivalina engage in spring whaling from leads that develop in the sea ice. The Native craft industry has recently expanded - carvings and jewelry are produced from ivory and caribou hooves.

Bibliography:
Bowers, Peter M. ; Turney, John H. ; Reger, Douglas. 1980. Report of Archeological Investigations in the Vicinity of the Proposed Noatak and Kivalina Water Systems to the U.S. Public Health Service. Alaska. Office of Statewide Cultural Programs. Ann Arbor, MI.: University Microfilms International.

Burch, Ernest S. 1985. Subsistence Production in Kivalina, Alaska : a Twenty-year Perspective. Juneau, AK : Division of Subsistence, Alaska Dept. of Fish and Game.

Burch, Ernest S. 1984. The Modern Eskimo Hunters of Kivalina, Alaska : Final Report on Field Research, 1982-1984. Juneau, AK : Division of Subsistence, Dept. of Fish and Game, State of Alaska.

Bureau of Indian Affairs Day School, Kivalina, Alaska. 1969. Kivalina History. Kivalina : The School.


Weather:
http://weather.noaa.gov/weather/current/PAVL.html
From the National Weather Service

http://www.accuweather.com/adcbin/local_index?nav=home&thisZip=99750&btnzip=Go
From Accuweather.com


Sea Ice:
http://polar.wwb.noaa.gov/seaice/alaska.html
Sea Ice conditions for AK, images from the last 14 days

http://polar.wwb.noaa.gov/seaice/ak.html#click
Sea ice map from NOAA

http://polar.wwb.noaa.gov/seaice/Forecasts.html
Sea ice forecast models for AK - 1 through 6 day forecasts

 

Community:
http://www.maniilaq.org/kivalina.html
Community information provided by the Maniilaq Association

http://www.dced.state.ak.us/mra/CF_CIS.cfm
From AK Dept. of Community and economic Development

http://www.ilovealaska.com/Alaska/Kivalina/
General information about Kivalina

http://thorpe.ou.edu/IRA/kivachrtr.html
Corparate Charter of the Native Village of Kivalina

http://www.arcticculture.about.com/culture/arcticculture/library/communities/bl-Kivalina.htm
About.com information

http://www.bloomington.in.us/~dory/kivalina.html
A personal account from Kivalina