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Point Hope is located near the tip of the Point Hope peninsula, a large gravel spit that forms the western-most extension of the northwest Alaska coast, 330 miles southwest of Barrow. The climate is arctic with temperatures range from -49 to 78 °F. Precipitation is light, 10 inches annually, with 36 inches of snowfall. The Chukchi is ice-free from late June until mid-September. Point Hope (Tikeraq) peninsula is one of the oldest continuously occupied Inupiat Eskimo areas in Alaska. Several Settlements have existed on the peninsula over the past 2,500 years, including Old and New Tigara, Ipiutak, Jabbertown, and present Point Hope. The Peninsula offers good access to marine mammals, and ice conditions allows easy boat launchings into open leads early in the spring whaling season. Alaska Natives comprise over 90% of the population. Point Hope residents (Tikeraqmuit Inupiat Eskimos) are dependent upon marine subsistence. This highly favorable site, with its abundant resources, has enabled the Tikerqmuit to retain strong cultural traditions, after more than a century of outside influences. See the community links below for more detailed information.

The Tikigaq Corporation (formerly Tigara) is an Alaska Native village corporation established in 1971 under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANSCA). The corporation has approximately 1,000 Inupiaq shareholders of which 850 reside in the village of Point Hope, Alaska. Tikigaq School that provides education for students from pre-kindergarten through grade 12 and is part of the North Slope Borough School District.

Bibliography:
Ahvakana, Floyd. 1973. Tikigagmigguq in Point Hope, Alaska. Fairbanks, AK: Alaskami, Alaskam Iņupiangisa Uqagningatta Savaangat Ilanga, Iņupianik Kangiqsiņiagvium Alaskam Ilisagvia. Language: Inupiaq.

Asatchaq and Lowenstein, Tom. 1992. The Things That Were Said of Them : Shaman Stories and Oral Histories of the Tikigaq People. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press & Vancouver : Douglas & McIntyre.

Braund, Stephen R. and Burnham, David C. 1984. Subsistence Economics, Marine Resource Use Patterns, and Potential OCS Impacts for Chukchi Sea Communities. Anchorage, AK: Stephen R. Braund & Associates.

Burch, Ernest. S. 1998. The Iñupiaq Eskimo Nations of Northwest Alaska. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press.

Burch, Ernest S. 1981. The Traditional Eskimo Hunters of Point Hope, Alaska : 1800-1875. Barrow, AK: North Slope Borough.

Eaves, Dave. 1984. Alaskan Bowhead Whaling, Point Hope, Alaska. Barrow, AK: Alaska Eskimo Whaling Commission.

Foote, Berit Arnestad. 1992. The Tigara Eskimos and Their Environment. Point Hope, AK. Barrow, AK: North Slope Borough Commission on Iņupiat History, Language and Culture.

Foote, Don Charles. 1964. Observations of the Bowhead Whale at Point Hope, Alaska. Point Hope, AK: D. Foote.

Foote, Don Charles. 1960. The Eskimo Hunter at Point Hope, Alaska. Point Hope, Alaska: s.n.

Gal, Robert. 1990. A Cultural Resource Site Survey of Two Nalukataq Areas in Point Hope, Alaska. Brockport, NY: Edwin Hall & Associates.

Koonuk, Hubert. 1987. Inherited from the Ancestors : the Point Hope Cultural Resource Site Survey. Brockport, NY : E. Hall and Associates.

Larsen, Helge and Rainey, Froelich. 1948. Ipiutak and the Arctic Whale Hunting Culture. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 42: New York.

Lisbourne, Pete. 1986. The Whale Hunt. Sitka, AK: Sheldon Jackson Museum, Division of State Museums, Dept. of Education, State of Alaska.

Lowenstein, Tom. 1994. Ancient Land, Sacred Whale: the Inuit Hunt and Its Rituals. New York : Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux.

Lowenstein, Tom. 1981. Some Aspects of Sea Ice Subsistence Hunting in Point Hope, Alaska: a Report. Barrow, AK : North Slope Borough.

Point Hope High School (Point Hope, Alaska). 1970 1978. Pt. Hope Marine Science. Point Hope, AK: The North Slope Borough.

Rainey, Froelich G. 1947. The Whale Hunters of Tigara. New York: Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 41, pt.2.

VanStone, James W. 1962. Point Hope, an Eskimo Village in Transition. Seattle: University of Washington Press.


Weather:
http://weather.noaa.gov/weather/current/PAPO.html
From the National Weather Service

http://www.weather.com/weather/cities/us_ak_point_hope.html
From weather.com

http://www.weather.com/weather/local/USAK0190
from the Weather Underground

Sea Ice:
http://polar.wwb.noaa.gov/seaice/alaska.html
Sea Ice conditions for AK, images from the last 14 days

http://polar.wwb.noaa.gov/seaice/ak.html#click
Clickable sea ice map from NOAA

http://polar.wwb.noaa.gov/seaice/Forecasts.html
Sea Ice forecast models for AK - 1 through 6 day forecasts

Community:
http://www.tikigaq.com/
Tikigaq Corporation

http://www.nsbsd.org/pho/default.htm
Tikigaq School

http://hometown.aol.com/tooyak/ipiutaktours.index.html
Point Hope information from Ipiutak Tours

http://www.maniilaq.org/ptHope.html
Community information provided by the Maniilaq Association

http://www.dced.state.ak.us/mra/CF_CIS.cfm
From AK Dept. of Community and Economic Development

http://www.chukchi.com/old/index.html
The Chukchi Trading Company

http://www.arcticculture.about.com/culture/arcticculture/library/communities/bl-PointHope.htm
From About.com