Underwood, J. & Pezdek, K. (1998). Memory suggestibility as an example of the sleeper effect. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 5, 449-453.




Low-credibility condition: A four-year-old boy was credited for the narrative.

High-credibility condition: A memory psychologist was credited for the narrative.

The test had 12 yes or no questions -- 3 for each target slide.





This finding can be applied to jury decision making, deceptive tabloid stories, and misinterpreted scientific data analysis.


University of Arkansas

Department of Psychology

Lampinen Lab

False Memory Reading Group

False Memory Reading Group Spring 1999